Mainland Greece

Mainland Greece forms the southernmost part of the Balkan Peninsula, in the north including parts of the historical regions of Macedonia and Thrace, further to the south narrowing into a “Greek peninsula” in its own right, including historical Epirus, Thessaly, Acaea, Boeotia and Attica, and concluding in the separate peninsula of The Peloponnese, comprising the historical territories Sparta, Corinth and Argos, all surrounding the peninsula’s heartland of Arcadia.

The major mountain range of Greece is Olympus, separating Thessaly from Macedonia. Its highest peak rises to 2,919 m above sea level, making it the second highest of the entire Balkan peninsula after peak Musala in the Rila Mountain.